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Sep 21, Organize the literature review into sections that present themes or Am I looking at issues of theory? methodology? policy? quantitative research (e.g. on Is its significance (scope, severity, relevance) clearly established?.

After years of tracking the virus and its origins, tests conducted on how it was transferred from host to host and how exactly the public in general can protect itself from deadly viruses established a research base for further studies. The New York West Nile epidemic brought a lot of attention to the forgotten lethal virus.

The virus is carried by the common North American mosquito. Viruses have existed among us for many years, and cause many very deadly outbreaks all across the globe. The virus can rapidly spread throughout an area in no time; host-to-host it spreads like a wild fire. The authors also tell us that many viruses originate within the depths of over populated forests causing the animals and insects to move on. As they progress to find a better location, they carry deadly viruses with them, infecting brand new regions.


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Today the West Nile virus continues to be a threat. The authors tell us that it is more than likely that we will see more cases of the virus across the United States as it is now widespread. Scientists tell us that the West Nile virus originated in Africa in and the first reported epidemic was reported in Israel. According to the U.

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Good Essays words 2. West Nile is an extremely dangerous virus that attacks the Central Nervous System. It can cause inflammation of tissues in and around the brain and spinal cord. In humans, there are three levels of West Nile Virus, which have different symptoms. Humans can also get specific diseases such as encephalitis from West Nile Virus.

West Nile Virus also affects animals. Wild birds and horses are the most susceptible to the virus and most animal deaths occur in these species Strong Essays words 4 pages Preview. Causing a variety of conditions in its hosts, the most serious manifestation of WN virus infection is fatal encephalitis inflammation of the brain in humans and horses, and many birds. The virus, which was seemingly isolated to North Eastern Africa, became recognized as a cause of severe human meningoencephalitis inflammation of the spinal cord and brain in elderly patients during an outbreak in Israel in Powerful Essays words 4.

It was the found in Egypt in the 's. It was first found to cause meningitis and encephalitis during an outbreak amongst elderly people in Israel in It was first found to infect other vertebrates equine species in France in the early 's. It did not cross over to the US until and has now spread to 44 states. There have been cases in the US since then with deaths Free Essays words 1. The virus normally lives in birds and is transmitted among them and other animals by mosquitoes. There is no other definite method of transmission, and people do not have to worry about contracting the virus through contact with infected humans or animals.

Hundreds of species of birds and many mammals, including several endangered species, are vulnerable to the virus The usage of fossil fuels increases as the population increases. When a baby is born the immediate need for fossil fuels are increased. One example of this is the immediate need for fuel used to heat the water for the baby's bottles, bath, and the water required to wash its clothes. This newborn may reach adulthood and begin to drive, yet another increase in fossil fuels This virus became really popular in less developed countries in Africa and Asia. Even though it was thought to be like the West Nile virus and the Dengue virus, this virus did not spread worldwide up until last spring.

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West Nile Virus Diseases - Assignment Example

Better Essays words 2 pages Preview. Strong Essays words 7. Michael Dreher, the authors describe exactly what the virus is, the history of the virus, and how to treat it. It was published in in Medsurg Nursing because the virus itself was becoming more and more of a threat to the public welfare The best mosquito control is to prevent them from breeding. Outside your own house and lawn, mosquito swarms may not be preventable. To make the problem worse, some people seem to be mosquito magnets.

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So how can we keep mosquitoes away Better Essays words 3. The virus was first found in an Ugandan woman, and spread throughout all areas of the world, from Europe to Oceania. WNV is virus carried by mosquitoes and birds. Other organisms are the secondary carriers of the virus. The first outbreak resulted in victims of WNE. Since then the U. S has been alert and cautious about the virus for public health.

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The virus is known to affect animals as well Another way to detect the West Nile Virus is Immunohistochemistry which is when they take the cells of a tissue section by detecting antibodies in antigens. West Nile Virus affects the body just like the flu would. It can make a person feel tired, fatigued and drowsy like the flu does. Those with certain medical conditions like diabetes and cancer are at a greater risk for serious illness.

There is no specific antiviral treatment or vaccine for West Nile Virus Better Essays words 1. Lately there has been so much news coverage about "the West Nile Virus" my head is spinning. What I don't understand is why they are finally becoming concerned with it now. The news reports on the television say that it has been present in animals and humans on other continents for years though it was only documented in This public health issue has been established by the City of Fort Collins, a management policy and board has been appointed to oversee the success of preventing West Nile Virus in Fort Collins.

The overall goal for the community action plan is to reduce the risk of the mosquito carried virus Symptoms Throughout the summer of the state of Colorado, most targeted in Northern Colorado, experienced the worst epidemic of the human mosquito disease on record in the entire western part of the United States Powerful Essays words 4 pages Preview. After acquiring a basic knowledge of the virus I dove into various topics including variants on the virus such as Dengue Shock Syndrome and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever.

What You Should Know About Yellow Fever

This virus is considered to be perilous; however, this pertains mostly to pregnant women. The virus began ascending in and it is most common in the African and Asian areas McNeil. However, is the year the disease began to disperse rapidly to the Western Hemisphere Yellow fever is not a common disease in the United States. On the contrary it is very common in other countries. I will be stating how it 's transmitted and where it originated. What are symptoms you may have and what specialist can diagnose you.

Some treatments you can get and what measures to take to prevent this disease. Lastly I will talk about what countries are at the highest risk of contracting this disease I knew Flaviviruses were positive-sense RNA viruses.

I wondered how dengue virus, a Flavivirus, could be sensitive to inhibition of the thymidine synthesis pathway when thymidine is not directly incorporated into RNA. I thought it would be interesting to read how the thymidine synthesis pathway could be targeted to inhibit dengue virus replication. Powerful Essays words 5.

What Is West Nile Virus Infection - West Nile Fever

In Alicia Campbell and H. The article was published in June of in Medsburg Nursing Journal, because the virus is growing rapidly throughout America.


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  • The virus first hit United States in New York in , infecting sixty-two people Mayer was seeking to find the cause of the tobacco mosaic disease. Though he was unable to see them with the microscopy of his day, he postulated that a small agent caused the disease. Ivanowsky, later tried tests as well and also concluded that it was a disease caused by something smaller than they could see.

    The virus was first found and discovered in by Wendell Stanly. He was able to crystallize the virus, now known as the tobacco mosaic virus Viruses have caused many epidemics throughout history and the fight continues today. There are many families of viruses, but one has shown to be especially infective in humans.

    The family I speak of is the genus Flavivridea, which is the family of flaviviruses.

    Global Warming and The West Nile Virus Essays - Flaviviruses, Culex

    The first flavivirus to be identified was yellow fever. Flavi in latin means yellow, which is where the family name comes from This disease has a ninety percent mortality rate with no vaccine to control the outbreak Zavis N. With over ten thousand deaths worldwide, the primary symptoms of this disease include: fever, abrupt weakness, muscle pain and sore throat. Hodgekiss, par. Although researchers are unclear of how this outbreak occurred, they have pinpointed an incident involving a young boy, around the age of two, which was said to be playing near a large, open tree in Better Essays words 4.

    Second to the pharaoh, the Nile controlled the life of the Egyptians.